Dystonia is a group of brain (neurological) conditions that cause involuntary muscle contractions, which force the body into abnormal, sometimes painful, movements and positions. That's why dystonia is considered a type of movement disorder.
Dystonia may be focal (affecting an isolated body part), segmental (affecting adjacent body areas, or generalized (affecting many major muscle groups simultaneously).
Dystonia: What You Need to Know
Complex neurological conditions are best treated by bringing together teams of professionals that span multiple areas of medicine - from neurologists and neurosurgeons, to neuroradiologists and rehabilitation providers. This team approach brings to your care individuals with diverse medical training who are all dedicated to providing you with the most comprehensive treatment possible.
While our staff includes multiple specialists who are nationally renowned for their accomplishments, you will find your caregivers to be approachable and caring. And because neurological conditions often involve unique challenges for patients and their loved ones, we also offer support services personalized to the individual needs of each patient such as counseling, rehabilitation and pain management.
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What is Dystonia?
Dystonia causes uncontrollable twisting or repetitive movements of one or more affected body parts. Affected muscles typically include the neck (cervical dystonia), torso, arms and legs, hands, eyes, face, vocal chords, and/or a combination of these muscle groups.
Dystonia symptoms range from mild to severe, and even may interfere with your everyday tasks. Symptoms may:
Include involuntary muscle contractions, such as cervical dystonia where the contractions cause your head to twist and turn to one side, or pull forward or backward, sometimes painfully
Begin in a single area, such as your neck, hand or foot
Occur during a specific action, such as handwriting
Worsen with stress, anxiety or fatigue
Become more noticeable or worsen over time
There are many different causes for dystonia including genetic and non-genetic factors.
Diagnosis and Treatment: Dystonia
Learn more about dystonia diagnosis and treatment.