Heart Valve Disease (Valvular heart disease) is a disorder that occurs when your heart valves don't work properly. The valves of your heart are responsible for blood flow. They open to let the blood flow through or out of your heart and then shut again to keep the blood from flowing backward.
Heart Valve Disease: What You Need to Know
Eating a well-balanced diet, not smoking and exercising regularly can go a long way toward preventing all types of heart disease, including heart valve disease. In addition, it is important to treat strep infection. Untreated strep can lead to rheumatic fever, which damages the heart valves.
The University of Vermont Medical Center doctors use a collaborative approach to treating valvular heart disease. Your team may include a number of different specialists working together to manage your care.
We use the most sophisticated medical technology available for diagnosing and treating valvular heart disease, including the latest advances in cardiac catheterization and complex cardiac surgery.
The UVM Medical Center doctors tailor a course of treatment specifically for you. Your treatment will depend on a number of factors, including the type of valvular disease and your general health.
Experience, trusted expertise
At The UVM Medical Center, our cardiologists have years of experience diagnosing and treating valvular heart disease. You can feel confident knowing you have placed your care in experienced and skilled hands.
What is Heart Valve Disease?
Your heart has four valves to regulate blood flow. Heart valve disease means that the valves are not opening and shutting properly. Our doctors treat all the different types of valvular heart disease
Mitral valve prolapse occurs when the valve called the mitral valve doesn't close tightly. It is a common heart valve disease. Studies estimate that between one and two percent of the population has mitral valve prolapse.
Regurgitation occurs when the blood leaks back through the valve in the wrong direction. Mitral valve prolapse can sometimes cause regurgitation.
Aortic stenosis occurs when the aortic valve doesn't open enough an blocks blood flow.
Heart valve problems can be present at birth or may be caused by an infection or heart disease.
Diagnosis and Treatment: Valvular Heart Disease
A heart murmur, an unusual heartbeat sound, is the most common sign of a heart valve disease. However, many people have heart murmurs without having any problems. If you have a heart murmur, it is important to make an appointment with an expert cardiologist. Our doctors have the skills and experience to diagnose your heart condition and tailor a treatment plan for you.
We use a combination of imaging scans and cardiac catheterization to obtain an accurate diagnosis. Then, we will create a personalized treatment plan for you. Treatment options may include medication or surgery.
Learn more about heart valve disease diagnosis and treatment.