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Testicular cancer forms in the tissues of one or both testicles. Although testicular cancer is not common compared with other types of cancer, it is the most common cancer in males that are 15-35 years old in the US. Even if it spreads beyond the testicle, it is one of the most curable types of cancer. At the UVM Medical center, our team of experts uses the latest technology to diagnose and treat testicular cancer.
Testicular Cancer Care at UVM Medical Center
Our physicians and other support staff work as a team to provide you with personalized, expert care. We know that every patient is unique and requires attention specific to your condition. Our team of specialists includes urologists, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pathologists, nurses and patient support specialists.
The physicians at the UVM Medical Center are nationally recognized and are up-to-date with the latest developments in the field. When you choose to receive your care with us, you can be sure that you are being treated by experienced, trusted experts.
Testicular Cancer Diagnosis
A lump on a testicle can be testicular cancer and is typically found during a routine physical exam. At the UVM Medical Center, our urologists have vast experience with diagnosing testicular cancer. Diagnostic tests include:
- Physical Examination
- Imaging Tests
- Blood Tests - tests of your blood can determine whether your tumor marker levels are too high
- Testicular removal surgery - If your doctor determines the lump on your testicle may be cancerous, he may recommend its removal for testing in a lab.
Treatments for Testicular Cancer
Testicular cancer treatment depends on the type and stage of cancer, as well as other factors such as your age, overall health, and personal preferences. Some cancer treatments raise your risk of infertility. Talk to your doctor about sperm banking before receiving any testicular cancer treatments.
At the UVM Medical Center, our team of specialists will design a treatment plan that is specifically for you. Treatment options include:
- Chemotherapy - chemotherapy kills cancer cells using different types of medication.
- Radiation Therapy - the use of high-energy beam, such as X-rays and protons, to destroy cancer cells.
- Surgery - surgery is the primary treatment for almost all testicular cancer types and stage. The surgical procedures we perform to treat testicular cancer include:
- Testicular Removal Surgery - also known as radical inguinal orchiectomy. During this surgery, a surgeon makes a small incision in your groin and takes out the entire testicle. You then have the choice to have a prosthetic, saline-filled testicle inserted. Patients receive anesthetics during this surgery.
- Lymph Node Removal Surgery - also known as retroperitoneal lymph node dissection. For some patients, the surgeon will remove the lymph nodes in your groin at the same time the testicle is removed. Depending on your diagnosis, the lymph nodes may be removed at a later time.